The United States has provided powerful oversight frameworks for controlling the Internet, despite public perceptions of absolute freedom in cyberspace and media.
In general, American red lines in cyberspace can be divided into three broad categories:
• Promoting violence and promoting the concepts of terrorism in the United States (such as Hamas, Hezbollah and Ansar Allah)
• Access to pornographic content for children and minors
• Intellectual and cultural influence of hostile countries such as Iran, China and Russia
The Internet filtering rules in the United States, mostly at the state level, are enforced. Meanwhile, the federal government is enforcing some of these Internet restrictions in the implementation of laws such as the Protection of Children in Cyberspace (CIPA).
According to the authorities responsible for Internet monitoring in the United States, these laws are generally related to children. Internet constraints are widely used in schools and libraries in the country, and many social institutions are also working to prevent children from accessing pornographic content, violence and other harmful social issues.
In some states, Internet service consumers must pay money to resolve default limits. For example, the cost of filtering pornographic websites in South Carolina is $ 20. The law goes back to December 2016 at the General Assembly of the United States.
Federal Blocking Rules in the United States
At the federal level, all schools and libraries in the United States must comply with child protection laws in the cyberspace, and enforce defined banning to obtain permission to build and renew their activity license.
US State Blocking Rules
Some states have chosen policies to limit access to objectionable content. This does not mean the existence of such laws in all US states. However, it can be safely measured by the goal of implementing most of these normative rules in protecting minors in cyberspace.
Blocked Content and Websites at the federal level
The government directly limits the number of active sites in these areas by some laws, such as the fight against cyber attacking and child abuse.
Meanwhile, the US government acts very cleverly and selectively to counteract the release of undesirable content. In this context, the federal government is required to remove harmful content from the media, such as Twitter, Facebook and Instagram, to remove the user accounts that publish their enemies' minds on a global scale.
Suspension of thousands of Iranian and Russian users account on Twitter could be a case in point. Also, removing the tweet of Iran’s Supreme Leader’s official account regarding the decree of Imam Khomeini for the author of the Satanic verses, Salman Rushdie on Twitter is an example of the existence of advanced censorship and filtering in this country.
The first Israeli control and enforcement laws are in line with British emergency regulations in 1945 and are enforced in all media, publications and information of the regime, both inside and outside the occupied territories.
The Internet and digital communications platform was officially launched in 2001 in the occupied territories. However, the Zionist regime, by 2008, quickly gained access to high-bandwidth governments and 95 percent of the Internet among its users. Now, this regime has been claiming to be one of the great powers in the field of technology and cyberspace.
The Zionist regime has decided to become one of the pillars of global technology in its major cyber-tech target. Undoubtedly, this requires the occupants of the Zionist government to take on cyberspace and the Internet. As such, Israel has deployed one of the most powerful cyberspace control systems within occupied territory, and is targeting the release of its content released in its cyberspace.
Contrary to popular perception of Israel's Internet space, the Zionist regime is focusing on controlling and restricting cyberspace in three major areas.
- Promoting and publishing pornography
- Undermining the religious dimension and opposing the ideals of Judaism
- Political opposition and condemnation of political approaches
The Zionist regime, in many cases, restricts the access of its own citizens to the undesirable content from their point of view.
In recent years, lawmakers have approved laws and regulations in the Knesset with a view to increasing the control over their cyberspace due to the threat of cyber war and information inflicted by Palestine and Iran. Evidence suggests the response of Israeli states to new developments in cyberspace is evident with the growing escalation of monitoring and control over this environment.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu also paved the way for a new institution called theIsrael National Cyber Directorate (INCD) in its new cyber security strategy. According to many experts, the formation of such organization, under the direct management of the prime minister, gives the government more power to issue national guidelines on cyber security issues. Undoubtedly, these style sheets also include a decree imposing new restrictions on the Internet without the need for a court order.